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Many biological reactions are catalyzed by enzymes. As you should remember, enzymes are proteins that speed up the rate of biochemical reactions. However, some reactions may not be needed at a certain time. Hence it may be necessary to slow them down or prevent them all together. This is achieved using molecules called inhibitors. There […]

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A carbohydrate is a macro-nutrient. It is called “macro” because it is needed in large proportions in the diet. Carbohydrates have the basic formula Cn(H2O)n, hence they are considered hydrated carbons. They fall in four major categories. Monosaccharides Disaccharides Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Let’s take a closer look at each of these. Monosaccharides These are the smallest […]

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