The Food Safety Modernization Act or FSMA was signed into law by President Barack Obama on January 4, 2011 as a move to overhaul the food safety system in the US. The law would take an all-encompassing approach to food safety from the farm through processing, and would include controls to prevent intentional adulteration of food. FSMA has the following seven rules which will be discussed in greater detail in upcoming blogs.
- Produce Safety Rule: Regulation established for growing, harvesting, packing and holding produce
- Human Food Preventive Controls: Establishment of a risk-based scientific approach to food safety management similar to HACCP
- Preventive Controls for Animal Feed: Requirement that makers of animal foods including pet foods follow a risk-based management system and good manufacturing practices (GMPs) similar to the production of human food except for allergen control
- Foreign Supplier Verification Program: Importers required to verify that imported goods have been produced in a safe manner. This may include onsite verification inspection
- Accreditation of Third-party Auditors: Permits importers to rely on third-party auditors recognized or accredited by the FDA, to verify food safety of their imported products
- Intentional Adulteration of Food: Requirement to establish food defense systems to prevent intentional adulteration of food
- Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food: Establishment of food safety controls and monitoring to ensure that vehicles are compliant with sanitary practices