Sunflowers are beautiful and cheerful flowers that can also be grown for their tasty seeds. They are easy to grow in your garden, and can add a pop of color to your landscape. In this article, we’ll go over the steps to plant, grow, and harvest sunflowers.


Sunflowers are usually started from seed, which can be sown directly in the garden. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Sunflowers require full sun and soil that is not too wet.
  2. Prepare the soil by digging in some compost or well-rotted manure. This will help to improve soil fertility and structure.
  3. Sow the sunflower seeds 1 inch deep, spacing them about 6 inches apart. You can sow them in rows or in a staggered pattern.
  4. Water the seeds well and keep the soil moist until the seedlings emerge.


Once your sunflowers have sprouted, it’s important to care for the plants properly to ensure a healthy and bountiful harvest. Here are some tips for growing sunflowers:

  1. Water the sunflowers regularly, especially during hot and dry weather. Sunflowers require consistent moisture to grow well.
  2. Fertilize the sunflowers with a balanced fertilizer every 4-6 weeks. This will help to keep the plants healthy and productive.
  3. Keep the area around the sunflowers weed-free. Weeds can compete with the sunflowers for nutrients and water.
  4. Protect the sunflowers from pests such as birds and squirrels. You can use netting or natural methods such as scarecrows to keep them at bay.


Sunflowers are usually ready to harvest about 80-100 days after planting. Here’s what to look for:

  1. Check the size and appearance of the sunflower head. The seeds should be plump and the petals should have wilted and turned brown.
  2. Cut off the sunflower head with a sharp knife or pruning shears, leaving about 6 inches of stem attached.
  3. Hang the sunflower head upside down in a cool, dry place to dry. Once the seeds are dry, you can remove them from the head by rubbing them gently with your fingers.
  4. Store the sunflower seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.

Growing sunflowers is a fun and rewarding experience. Remember to keep the soil moist, fertilize regularly, and protect the plants from pests and diseases. With these tips in mind, you’ll be well on your way to growing healthy and beautiful sunflowers in your garden.

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Courtney Simons
Courtney Simons
Dr. Simons is a food science educator. He earned his bachelor’s degree in food science, and Ph.D. in cereal science at North Dakota State University.