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A carbohydrate is a macro-nutrient. It is called “macro” because it is needed in large proportions in the diet. Carbohydrates have the basic formula Cn(H2O)n, hence they are considered hydrated carbons. They fall in four major categories. Monosaccharides Disaccharides Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Let’s take a closer look at each of these. Monosaccharides These are the smallest […]

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The body has different ways in which it can regulate energy metabolism; that is, decide whether to increase energy or reduce energy production. Two main ways are highlighted in this lesson with examples, i.e., allosteric inhibition/activation, and hormones. Allosteric Inhibition and Activation Remember that allosteric regulation happens when a substance binds to a site on […]

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